1. Forklift air filter
The main function of the forklift air filter is to block the dust and particles that the engine sucks in during the intake process. If the filter cannot be cleaned or replaced for a long time, it cannot block the dust and particles. Once dust is sucked into the forklift engine, it will cause abnormal wear of the cylinder wall. Therefore, the forklift air filter should be cleaned once every 240 hours a month, and it can be blown off with an air pump instead of being washed with liquid. The replacement cycle of the forklift air filter is that the forklift engine needs to be replaced once every 240 --- 1000 hours of operation.
2. Forklift oil filter
In order to ensure the cleanliness of the forklift's engine oil and the oil circuit in the forklift's engine, install an oil filter in the forklift's engine lubrication system. The purpose is to prevent impurities from mixing into the engine oil and causing oxidation to produce gums and sludge that block the oil circuit. The replacement cycle of the forklift oil filter is to replace all the oil with the oil at the same time when the engine works for 240 --- 1000 hours.
3. Timing belt
The internal combustion liquefaction or gas engine timing transmission mechanism of the forklift is a belt drive, the main component is rubber, and the service life is short. If the timing belt is not replaced within the specified time, the transmission mechanism will be damaged after aging and it will not work properly. In severe cases, the engine may be scrapped. The replacement cycle of timing leather is about 6000-9000 hours, it is recommended to replace it in advance.
Folding internal combustion
Internal combustion forklifts are divided into ordinary internal combustion forklifts, heavy forklifts, container forklifts and side forklifts.
①Common internal combustion forklifts generally use diesel, gasoline, liquefied petroleum gas or natural gas engines as power, with a load capacity of 1.2 to 8.0t, and a working channel width of generally 3.5 to 5.0 meters. Considering exhaust emissions and noise, they are usually used outdoors , Workshops or other places that have no special requirements for exhaust emissions and noise. Due to the convenience of fuel replenishment, it can achieve continuous operation for a long time, and can be competent to work in harsh environments (such as rainy days).
② Heavy forklift
The diesel engine is used as the power, and the carrying capacity is 10.0 ~ 52.0t. It is generally used for outdoor operations in heavy cargo, wharf, steel and other industries.
③ Container forklift
The diesel engine is used as the power and the bearing capacity is 8.0 ~ 45.0t, which is generally divided into empty container stacker, heavy container stacker and container front crane. Used in container handling, such as container yard or port terminal operations. container
④ Side forklift
The diesel engine is used as the power, and the bearing capacity is 3.0 ~ 6.0t. Without turning, it has the ability to fork the goods directly from the side, so it is mainly used to fork long goods, such as wooden bars, steel bars, etc.
Answer: It is forbidden to use the fork to lift the cargo and pull the cargo when the Xuzhou forklift is in operation. The forklift is forbidden to drive people, the electric parallel forklift is not allowed to connect two action circuits at the same time, and the height of each stack in the warehouse and the truck must not exceed four. Forklifts, when placing fragile goods, valuables or unstable loads on forks, they must be reinforced with safety ropes, and if necessary, they can be driven with special support.
4. Forklift gasoline and diesel filters
As the Euro III standard is about to be implemented, the quality of gasoline used in forklift trucks is also constantly improving, but it is inevitable that some impurities and moisture will be mixed in. Therefore, gasoline entering the forklift gasoline pump must be filtered to ensure that the oil passage is unobstructed, and water and impurities are filtered to ensure The engine is working properly. The working principle and function of diesel filter is the same as that of gasoline engine. Since the gasoline filter and the diesel filter are both disposable, their replacement cycle needs to be replaced every 240 --- 1000 hours.
5. Spark plug
The spark plug directly affects the engine's acceleration performance and fuel consumption performance. If the maintenance is not maintained for a long time or it is not replaced on time, it will cause serious carbon deposition in the engine and malfunction in the cylinder. Under normal use of spark plugs, the replacement cycle is about 3000-6000 hours. When choosing a spark plug, first confirm the model and heat level of the forklift engine. When the forklift feels insufficient engine power, it should be checked and maintained once.
6. Forklift tires
Forklift tires are mainly divided into two types, one is solid tires, and the other is pneumatic tires. If cracks occur on the sides of the pneumatic tires, even if the mileage is not reached, for the sake of replacement, they must be replaced. When the tire tread depth is less than 3 mm, or when the tire tread has reached the wear indication mark, it must be replaced. The advantages of solid tires are: no tire puncture, no tire repair, no matter what ground there are iron plates and screws, you can use the forklift normally, do not have to worry about puncture and can not be used, the advantage of solid tires is only need to be replaced After installing a new tire, it can be used until the wear scale affects normal use and needs to be replaced, without any maintenance in the middle, and there is no need to worry about damage to the tire due to the use environment.
7. Forklift battery / forklift battery.
It is usually checked and replaced according to the situation in about two years. At present, many forklift products of forklift trucks use traction maintenance-free batteries. The power is durable and can be charged and discharged for 1000 cycles. It can be used continuously for about 5 hours on a single charge.
NextBrief and introduction of internal combustion forklift 2020.05.27